PUBLICATIONS

The Business and Security series provides a focus on contemporary security governance challenges and examines ways in which greater cooperation between states, international organisations, civil society and the private sector can help to address them. The series promotes policy relevant research as part of the mandate of DCAF’s Business and Security Division to support innovative partnerships that bring stakeholders together to realise shared security and development goals. Other publications and tools that fall into the thematic of security sector governance are also inlcuded in this section. All publications are freely accessible and available to download from this website.

    • 23.08.2019
      THE PRIVATIZATION OF SECURITY AND THE MARKET FOR CYBER TOOLS AND SERVICES

      This paper seeks to identify the emerging and expanding gaps in the governance of private cybersecurity companies and activities and to explore ways forward and policy options for governments. First, it explores the characteristics of typical cyber operations and challenges related to their conduct by private actors. Thereafter, it addresses the governance challenges around cybersecurity and three main departure points for regulation: the fact that geographic scope does not limit cybersecurity companies, that cyber operations can slide from defensive to offensive very quickly; and that... Read more

      This paper seeks to identify the emerging and expanding gaps in the governance of private cybersecurity companies and activities and to explore ways forward and policy options for governments. First, it explores the characteristics of typical cyber operations and challenges related to their conduct by private actors. Thereafter, it addresses the governance challenges around cybersecurity and three main departure points for regulation: the fact that geographic scope does not limit cybersecurity companies, that cyber operations can slide from defensive to offensive very quickly; and that cybersecurity services are often exported for the purpose of (or with the knowledge they will be) violating human rights. This section will also integrate perspectives of international law. Finally, the paper lays out suggestions for policy options in relation to international law and existing international normative frameworks. In conclusion, the paper offers a framework and way forward as food for thought in order to address cybersecurity operations in relation to PMSCs.

       

       

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    • 20.05.2016
      PUTTING PRIVATE SECURITY REGULATION INTO PRACTICE: SHARING GOOD PRACTICES ON PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACTING 2015–2016

      This study highlights good practices and clarifies the landscape of existing procurement and contracting systems in international organisations and states. The study: 1) summarises relevant existing instruments related to human rights-based procurement of private security companies; 2) outlines the essential stages of a procurement process, and; 3) shares good practices from selected case studies. Through this, the study aims to support the development and implementation of procurement and contracting policies based on international human rights... Read more

      This study highlights good practices and clarifies the landscape of existing procurement and contracting systems in international organisations and states. The study: 1) summarises relevant existing instruments related to human rights-based procurement of private security companies; 2) outlines the essential stages of a procurement process, and; 3) shares good practices from selected case studies. Through this, the study aims to support the development and implementation of procurement and contracting policies based on international human rights standards.

       

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    • 27.04.2016
      THE MONTREUX DOCUMENT AND THE INTERNATIONAL CODE OF CONDUCT: Understanding the relationship between international initiatives to regulate the global private security industry

       

      This paper provides a detailed comparison between good practices contained in the Montreux Document and the ICoC principles. In particular, it examines to what extent states may build on the ICoC and its Association in order to regulate the provision of private security services effectively and thereby implement good practices identified in the Montreux Document. The paper recommends that states include ICoCA membership in their national authorisation or hiring processes. The principles of the ICoC and the governance mechanism... Read more

       

      This paper provides a detailed comparison between good practices contained in the Montreux Document and the ICoC principles. In particular, it examines to what extent states may build on the ICoC and its Association in order to regulate the provision of private security services effectively and thereby implement good practices identified in the Montreux Document. The paper recommends that states include ICoCA membership in their national authorisation or hiring processes. The principles of the ICoC and the governance mechanism established by the ICoCA can complement or even be an essential component of a state’s effort to regulate PSCs in accordance with Montreux Document good practices. 

       


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